Simple Chinese language phrases to enhance your China trip (pinyin and pronunciation)

PinYin - English : pronunciation.

Nǐ Hǎo - Hello / Hi (literally, you good? / how are you?) : nee how

Zài Jiàn - Goodbye / bye : z~eye jee~ann

***

XièXiè - : Thanks : she~air she~air (second is a little softer/quieter)

XièXiè Nǐ ! - Thank you! : she~air she~air nee!

***

DuìBuQǐ - Excuse me / sorry : der boo chee

BúKèQì - You're welcome : boo ker chee

Qǐng - Please : ching

Mei / MeiHǎo - Beautiful : may

***

DuWei - That's right : doo~way (uickly, and often said twice)

***

Wǒ - I / me : woh

Nǐ - You : nee

Tā - He / she : tah

***

Wǒ Yào - I want / would like I would like one of these : Wǒ yào Yī ge Zhè ge (woh yow ee guh jay guh)

***

ZhèGe - This : jay guh

NàGe - That : nay guh

***

Yī Ge - One : ee guh

Lian Ge - Two : lee~ann guh (Two as a simple number is Er, pronounced 'are')

Sān Ge - Three : san guh

***

Duō Shǎo Qián? - How much? : doo~or sh~ow[l] chee~ann?

Tài Guì Le! - too expensive! : tie gwee ler!

***

Hǎo De - ok : how der

Hěn Hǎo - Good : hen how

Bù Hǎo - Not good : boo how

***

ShénMe? - When? : shen mer

NǎLi? - Where : nah lee?

Nǎr - There (gesturing) : nah

***

Xiao - Small : sh~ow[l]

Da - Big : dah

Tai - Too : tie

***

Bin De - Ice-cold : bin der

Lian De - Cold : lee~ann der

***

La - Spicy : lah

Bu La - not spicy : boo lah

Xiao La - a little spicy : shee~ow[l] lah

Da La - Very spicy : dah lah

Tai La! - too spicy! : tie lah!

***

Noodles - Miàn : mee~ann

Dumplings - Jiǎozi : jee~ow[l] zuh

Rice - MiFàn / Fàn : mee fan / fan

Eggs - JīDàn : jee dan

Beef - NiúRòu : nee~you row

Lamb - YángRòu : yang row

Chicken - JīRòu : jee row

Tofu - DòuFu : doh foo

(See BeijingBuzzz's food cheat sheet for much more)

***

ZhōngGuó - China : jong goo~woh

YīngGuó - England : ying goo~woh

MěiGuó - America : may goo~woh

ZhōngWén - Chinese nationality : jong ren

YīngWén - English nationality : ying ren

***

Hótel - Hotel

FànDiàn - Hotel / Restaurant : fan dee~ann

Wǒ Bù ZhīDào - I don't know : woh boo juh~dow

Tīng Bù Dǒng - I don't understand : ting boo dong

ZhèGe Duōshǎo Qián? / DuōShǎo Qián? - How much is this? : doo~or sh~ow[l} chee~ann?

- Too expensive! : tie-gwee lah!

Wo Yao ... - I would like ... : woh yow ...

Wǒ Yào ZhèGe - I want this one : woh yow jay~guh

***

BúShì - No : boo shh

ShìDe - Yes : Shh der

MéiYǒu - none / out of stock : may~oh

***

Wǒ ài ... - I love ... : woh eye ...

- I love this! : woh eye jay-guh!

Wǒ ài ZhōngGuó - I love China

***

Hǎo Chī - Delicious (literally good eat) : how ch

Bú Hǎo Chī - Not tasty : boo how ch

***

Wǒ Bù LiǎoJiě - I don't understand : woh boo lee~ow[l]~jee~air

***

Wǒ Xiǎng ... - I would like ... : woh shee~ang ...

Wǒ Xiǎng Chī ... - I would like to eat ... : woh she~ang ch

***

Bei - North : bay

Nan - South : nan

Xi - West : shee

Dong - East : dong

***

DìTiě - Subway train : dee tee~air

Dìtiě nali ma? - Where is the subway? : dee tee~air nah~lee ma

Zhan - Train station : zahn

Men - gate : men

Yuan / kwai - rmb (currency) : yoo~ann / kw~eye

Gong yuan - Park : gong yoo~ann

***

KāFēi - Coffee : kah fay

Chá - Tea : chah

kěLè - Cola : ker ler

PiJiou - Beer : pee jee~oh

Shui - Water : shway

Wo yao liang ge pijiou liande - I would like two cold beers : woh yow[l] lee~ann guh pee jee~oh lee~ann der

***

Jia Yo! - Let's go! / Go! (encouraging) : jee~ah yoh!

Wǒ Bù Shuō Hànyǔ / ZhōngWén - I don't speak Chinese (huh?!) Or simply Bù ZhōngWén : boo jong wen

***

Numbers are easy (there are finger position numbers too, but that's not so easy) :

1 - Yī : ee

2 - Èr : are

3 - Sān : san

4 - Sì : si (the sound is the first half of 'soot') (short sound)

5 - Wǔ : woo~oh

6 - Liù : lee~oo

7 - Qī : chee

8 - Bā : bah

9 - Jiǔ : jee~oo

10 - Shí : shhh (longer sound)

Example of 11 - 99 :

73 - Qi Shí Sān (7x10) + 3 : chee shhh san (7 10 3)

70 - Qi Shí (7x10) : chee shhh (7 10)

100 - Bǎi : buy

Example of 101 - 999 :

357 - Sān Bǎi Wǔ Shí Qī (3x100 + 5x10 + 7) : san buy woo~oh shhh chee (3 100 5 10 7)

300 - Sān Bǎi (3x100) : san buy (3 100)

***

Cheers! - GānBēi! : gan bey!

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